I have worked in several countries, how will my pension be calculated? (For persons, who have worked in EU/EEA member-states or in Switzerland)

The people, who have worked in the European Union (EU) or European Economic Area member states or Switzerland, should apply for a pension, according to their current place of residence:

  1. If you live in Lithuania – to the nearest “Sodra” department.
  2. If you live in a EU/EEA state member or Switzerland – to the competent institution according to your place of residence.

 

  • The provisions of the regulations of the European Parliament and European Council ensure that a person who has earned an employment record in more than one member state, should be granted and paid a pension by each of the states, according to the employment record, the person had at that state and according to its native legislation, without any regard to which country is currently the place of residence of the person.
  • Regulation also provide for the insurance period aggregation rule. This means that while the employment record is calculated for a person, his employment periods earned in all EU/EEA member states and Switzerland are summed up.
  • Regulations also contain a provision regarding the refusal to grant a social insurance benefit to the person in case the total period of social insurance in that country is less than one year.
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I have worked in several countries, how will my pension be calculated? (For persons, who have worked not in EU/EEA member-states or in Switzerland)

In such a case – international agreements and the Law on State social insurance pension will be employed, which provide the right to receive a pension indiscriminately of the citizenship and place of residence, in the person has a minimum employment record for the receipt of the pension, i.e.: a 15 years’ employment record for the receipt of the old-age pension.

 

  Lithuania has entered bilateral international agreements regarding social protection with Russia, Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine and Canada. These agreements provide how the employment record is calculated for the purpose of receiving a pension, how different types of pensions are granted and paid to the citizens of these countries.

 

1. Belarus and Ukraine

The Agreements with Belarus and Ukraine are applied to the following types of pensions: old-age, loss of capacity for work (disability), widow and orphan, as well as earner’s (breadwinner’s) loss and time of service pensions.

 

The pensions are granted as follows according to the agreements:

  • A person, who has an employment record in both states is granted pension by both states for the corresponding employment record at each of them.
  • Insurance (employment) record is aggregated: if the person does not have a right for pension, since he has no needed employment record in any or one of the countries, which have signed the agreement. In such a case, the employment record earned in both states is evaluated.
  • The pensions for persons, who are receiving the right for social insurance pension, are granted pension and their employment record after 1 January 1992 is accounted by the state, according to the laws of which this insurance record has been received.
  • The pensions for the full employment record, earned prior to 1 January 1992, are granted by the state, the resident of which the person is at the day the pension is granted.

 

2. Russia

  • The Agreement with Russia is valid for all types of pensions provided by the national legislation of Lithuania and Russia, with the exception of pensions for officials of military and internal affairs institutions. The Agreement provides for the pensions to be granted and paid by the state of permanent residence of the person, according to its national legislation.

 

3. Canada

  • The agreement with Canada provides that it includes the following types of pensions in Lithuania: old-age, loss of capacity for work (disability), widow and orphan, as well as earner’s (breadwinner’s) loss and time of service pensions; In Canada: old-age pensions and pension plan benefits.
  • Providing pensions: a person, who has earned the insurance record in both Agreeing countries, will be granted and paid a pension (benefit) by each of the state for the record earned at its territory (according to its national law). In case the person will not have the right for receiving a benefit, since he did not earn the needed employment record in one or both states, the right of such a person for a pension (benefit) is determined by aggregating the employment record earned in both States of the agreement. In case even the aggregated record is not enough, the record, received in a third party state is also calculated, in case Canada or Lithuania has an international agreement with that state.

 

4. Moldova

The Agreement with Moldova is valid for the following types of pensions: old-age, loss of capacity for work (disability), widow and orphan, as well as earner’s (breadwinner’s) loss and time of service pensions.

 

The pensions are granted as follows according to the agreement:

  • A person, who has an employment record in both states is granted pension by both states for the corresponding employment record at each of them.
  • Insurance (employment) record is aggregated: if the person does not have a right for pension, since he has no needed employment record in any or one of the countries, which have signed the agreement. In such a case, the employment record earned in both states is evaluated.
  • The Soviet-period insurance (employment) record is accounted by the state where the time of the employment record is longer.

 

5. Other states

  • Persons residing in states, to which the Lithuanian international agreement or EU social security system coordination regulation provisions are not applied, are granted and paid pensions according to the Amendments of the Law on State social insurance pension, which entered legal force on 2012-08-11.
  • In case the person have earned no less than a minimum (15 years) state social pension insurance record to receive the corresponding type of pension by working in Lithuanian companies, institutions or organizations, he has a right to receive the pension for this record. The pension is granted and paid only for the employment record earned while working in Lithuania.
  • Rehabilitated political prisoners and deportees, who have earned a part of their record during their imprisonment or while being deported, are exempt from the condition requiring earning a minimum record by working in Lithuania.
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I live and work abroad, how should I pay social insurance contributions?
  • You should pay the social insurance contributions in the country where you work and live.
  • While departing from Lithuania to a foreign country, do not forget to declare your departure in the Lithuanian Resident’s register, otherwise you will be subjected to the calculation of the compulsory health insurance contributions. Failure to pay these contributions will result in a debt to the state, which will then become subject to interest rates.
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I work in several countries, how should I pay my social insurance contributions? (For persons, who are working in EU/EEA member-states or in Switzerland)

As a general rules, persons, who are working in two or more member-states according to an employment contract are subject to the legal acts of the country where they spend the most time residing and execute the largest part of their activities.

 

  • In case the most part of the activities according to an employment contract are executed not in the country you are residing at, the following is applied:
    • The legal acts of the member state, where the employer’s (company’s) registered headquarters (place of activity) is located, if you are working for a single employer.
    • The legal acts of the member state, where the employers’ (companies’) registered headquarters (places of activity) are located, if you are working for two or more employers, who have their registered headquarters (activity places) in only one member state.
    • The legal acts of the member state in which the employer’s (company’s) registered headquarters (place of activity) is located, which is not the member state of your place of residence, if you are working for two or more employers (companies), which have their headquarters (places of activities) in separate member states, and one of them is in the state of your residence;
    • The legal acts of the member state you are residing at, if you are working for two or more employers (companies) of which at least two have registered headquarters (places of activities) in different member states, which are not the member state you are residing at.
  • In case you are self-employed in two or more member states, the following is applied:
    • The legal acts of the member state you are residing at if you execute a large part of the activity in that state.
    • The legal acts of the member state, where the centre of your activity is located, if you do not live in one of the member states, where you execute the large part of your activity.

 

  A person, who is working according to an employment contract or is self-employed in several member states, is subject to the legal acts of the member state where he works according to an employment contract, however, in order to specify the applied legal acts, small volume activities are not accounted for.

  A person, who works as a civil servant in one member state, and works according to an employment contract and/or is self-employed in another member state or several member states, is subject to the legal acts of the member state where he works as a civil servant.

 

If you are working according to an employment contract and/or are self-employed in Lithuania or any other EU/EEA member state or Switzerland, but you reside in Lithuania, you need to address the “Sodra” Vilnius department. Here, you will provide the request to issue a certificate regarding the application of Lithuanian social insurance legal acts to a person, who is working according to the employment contract and/or is self-employed in Lithuania and a foreign country at the same time. You will also need to provide additional documents regarding the activity, executed in each state:

  • If you work on the territory of two or more EU or EEA member states – certified copies of employment contracts.
  • If you are self-employed on the territory of two or more EU or EEA member states – certified copies of documents evidencing individual activity execution (concluded or effective agreements, related to the individual activity, other documents).
  • If you are working according to an employment contract or are self-employed in several member states  - certified copies of the employment contract and documents evidencing individual activity execution (concluded or effective agreements, related to the individual activity, other documents).
  • In case you are working according to an employment contract and/or are self-employed in Lithuania and another EU/EEA member state or Switzerland, but you live outside of Lithuania, you should address the competent institution of the member state you reside in for the application of social insurance legal acts.

You can also apply by joining a personal "Sodra" account for a resident and selecting a certificate about the application of the social insurance legislation of the Republic of Lithuania to a person working simultaneously under an employment contract and/or self-employment in two or more Member States, GPZ12.

 

  • Sending a person to work in another member state (posting)

Persons are subject to only one member state’s legal acts. The general rule for deciding the applied law – the legal acts of the state, where the person works according to an employment contract or is self-employed.

These rules are determined by: Regulation (EC) No. 883/2004, article 11, part 1; part 3, point A.

This is a general principle, which has only a few exceptions, applied to corresponding persons or in certain circumstances.

One of the exceptions is the temporary sending (posting) of persons to work for the benefit of the employer to another EU member state.

This exception is set by: Regulation (EC) No. 883/2004, article 12, part 1.

A person, who is working according to an employment contract for an employer in a member state, who usually executes his activities in the same member state, and who is sent by the employer to another member state to work for his benefit, are subject to the legal acts of the first member state they departed from, with a condition, that the duration of such work does not exceed 24 months and the person is not sent to replace another such sent (posted) person.

The person sent to work to another member state is subject to the social insurance law, approved by the A1 certificate issued by the state, where the employer (who is sending the employee) usually executes his activities.


  The A1 certificate confirms the law, which is applied to a person working in several states.

 What is an A1 certificate?

  • The A1 certificate confirms that the person is subject to the social insurance legal acts of a single person for a specific duration of time (i.e. determines which member state is the person obliged to pay compulsory state social insurance contributions).
  • A1 certificates, confirming that the person is subjected to the social insurance legal acts of the Republic of Lithuania, are issued by "Sodra" Vilnius department.
  • You can find more detailed information regarding the issue of A1 certificates here.
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I work in several countries, how should I pay my social insurance contributions? (For persons, who are working outside of EU/EEA member-states or Switzerland)

In the case if you are simultaneously working in Lithuania and another foreign country, with which Lithuania has signed a bilateral agreement, i.e.: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine or Canada, you are subjected to the legal acts of the country you are residing in.

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I work in several countries, will I able to receive a pension?

http://www.sodra.lt/uploads/documents/images/notification.png  In addition, persons living in EU/EEA member states or Switzerland are subject to the benefit export principle. It means that whenever the person relocates from one of the above-mentioned countries to another, the country, which granted pension payments would continue to pay them. Therefore, if the pensioner relocates to live from Lithuania to one of the above-mentioned countries, the “Sodra” Vilnius department will continue to pay the pension to that person.

 

  1. If you are working in a EU/EEA member states or Switzerland the employment record collected by you in different countries will be aggregated. Thus, it will be determined if you have the right to receive a pension and if your employment record is enough. In case it is enough, each of the states will calculate the part of the pension, which will be paid to you, according to the employment record you have earned in specific states.
  2. If you have worked in countries with which Lithuania has an international agreement, the granting of pension will be subjected to the provisions of such agreements (more regarding this issue: I have worked in several countries, how will my pension be granted (for persons who have worked not in EU, EEE member states or Switzerland).
  3. If you have worked in a country with which Lithuania has no international agreement and where EU law is not applied, you will be entitled to pension in Lithuania only if you have a minimum working record for a corresponding type of pension, i.e. old-age pension – a minimum 15 years of employment record. You will also be able to address the competent institution of the country you reside in regarding the granting of a pension, according to the legal acts in effect at that country.
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What should I do if the old-age pension age differs in Lithuania and other EU/EEA member states and Switzerland?

Old-age pension will be granted at the state, where you have reached the age, needed to receive old-age pension, according to the legal acts effective in that country.

 

http://www.sodra.lt/uploads/documents/images/notification.png  If sooner or later, you have reached the old-age pension age according to the law of the other state, where you have earned the employment record, needed to receive such a pension, you should apply for a pension to the competent institution of the country you reside in.

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Why should I provide a E213 LT form certificate?
  • The person’s level of capacity for work, it’s reasons, appearance time, period and person’s lost percentage of capacity for work is determined by the Disability and working capacity assessment office (NDNT). Lost capacity for work percentage is recorded in the person’s working capacity certificate.
  • Other EU/EEA member states and Switzerland determine the level of capacity for work according to the criteria and legal acts, effective at those countries. To determine the level of a person’s lost capacity for work in another state requires medical documents, confirming the person’s health states or a E213 LT form certificate – it is an extensive medical conclusion.
  • A person should request the filling of a certificate of this form from his treating doctor. A E213 Lt form certificate should be filled in with capital letters (preferably via computer print), so that the other state could read and translate it.
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Do I have the right to receive lost capacity for work pension if I was working in a foreign country and do not have the minimum required employment record in Lithuania? Which documents do I need to be granted this pension?

In case your aggregated employment record in Lithuania and other states (EU/EEA states, Switzerland or in states with which Lithuania has international agreements) does not reach the minimum employment record, needed to receive the lost capacity for work pension, it will not be granted. In such a case, a person can address the social support department of his municipality.

You can find more information on providing the lost capacity for work (disability) pension here.

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What data should I save regarding my work abroad?

None of the EU/EEA member states or Switzerland are specifying documents, which are needed in order to confirm the employment record earned in those countries. All documents are needed (i.e. social insurance number, pay slips (payroll documents), checks, employer’s data, documents issued by competent institutions and other), which can be used as to prove work in a foreign country.

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What is the old-age pension age and other social protection measures in other EU/EEA member states or Switzerland, or other questions unrelated to Lithuanian laws?

You can information on that topic by clicking here.

You will receive information regarding your rights for pension, unemployment benefits, family benefits and other social protection rights in the country you choose by opening the specified webpage and clicking the flag of your chosen country.

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How can I receive a certificate confirming my employment record earned in Lithuania and/or other EU/EEA member states or Switzerland?

In order to obtain a certificate, you must submit documents attesting to your pre-1994 record. Documents to be submitted:

  • work record booklet;
  • social security certificate;
  • military certificate (for men);
  • certificates issued by former workplaces or archives, etc.

 

IMPORTANT:

Information regarding the employment record earned in Lithuania and income since 1994 is collected at the “Sodra” database. Therefore, you do not need any additional documents in order to receive a certificate regarding the earned employment record.

 “Sodra” does not have information regarding the employment record and income, earned by citizens working abroad, therefore, at the age of retirement and on request, “Sodra” Foreign benefit payment service will issue a request to confirm the employment record to the competent institution of the other EU/EEA member states or Switzerland. Specific data regarding the person’s employment record may be also transferred to the National Health Insurance Fund under the Ministry of Health.

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When and where can I apply for employment record calculation (only when I reach the pension age, or at any given time)?

If a person has not reached pensionable age, but may have compulsory minimum seniority, which has been acquired in Lithuania and in another EU country, the person may apply to “Sodra” by submitting a request for mediation in order to obtain data on periods acquired abroad.

 

 

SENIORITY REQUIRED
Year Minimum length of service (years)
2020 31,5
2021 32
2022 32,5
2023 33
2024 33,5
2025 34
2026 34,5
2027 35

 

The application must include:
  • that the seniority acquired in a foreign State is necessary to prove that the person has the necessary seniority for retirement and can be covered by compulsory public health insurance;
  • the State in which the person worked;
  • social security number in that State.

Important: "Sodra" does not act as an intermediary in obtaining data on periods of sickness insurance acquired abroad. To obtain this information, please read about the payment of PSI contributions >>.

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Is the employment record earned abroad is accounted for?

It depends on the country where you have earned your employment record and effective national and international legal acts, as well as international agreements regarding social insurance. Foreign countries send a determined form document, in which they provide the working periods and the period of your employment record.

 

1. EU/EEA member states and Switzerland

  • Since Lithuania has joined the European Union, persons, who have earned employment records in EU/EEA member states and Switzerland are subject to the employment record aggregation principle. This means that the employment record, earned in different EU/EEA countries or Switzerland is summed up. It is determined if the person is entitled to receive a pension after evaluating his employment record in all of the states. If the answer is positive, each state appoints its share of the pension and pays it according to its national law.
  • Lithuania has also entered into bilateral international agreements regarding social security with Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova and Canada. There agreements determine how various types of pensions are granted and paid to the citizens of these countries.

2. Belarus and Ukraine

  • The agreements between Lithuania and Belarus/Ukraine determine the insurance (employment) record aggregation principle. This means that while determining a person’s right for social insurance pension, if it is needed, the competent institutions take the employment record, earned in another country, into account. Therefore, if the person does not have a right for a pension, since he did not earn the required minimal employment record in one or both countries, which have signed the agreement, the accumulated employment record, earned in both countries, is evaluated.
  • The pensions for persons, who are receiving the right for social insurance pension, are granted pension and their employment record after 1 January 1992 is accounted by the state, according to the laws of which this insurance record has been received. The pensions for the full employment record, earned prior to 1 January 1992, are granted by the state, the resident of which the person is at the day the pension is granted.

3. Russia

  • The Agreement with Russia is valid for all types of pensions provided by the national legislation of Lithuania and Russia, with the exception of pensions for officials of military and internal affairs institutions. The Agreement provides for the pensions to be granted and paid by the state of permanent residence of the person, according to its national legislation.
  • Therefore, if the pensioner changes his permanent place of residence from Russia to Lithuania or the other way around, the payment of pension in the former place of residence is terminated and the pension is granted and paid by the competent institution of the country of the current residence of the pensioner, from the day the pension payment has been terminated in the country of former residence.
  • When granting pensions according to this agreement, the employment record received in Russia is accounted. The Agreement also provides for the cases when the person (who is changing the place of his permanent residence) is not entitled to a pension under the new local legislation, the country of his former place of residence pay him the pension, until he is entitled to a pension at the new country of residence.

4. Canada

  • The Agreement with Canada provides, that the person who has earned the insurance record in both countries of the Agreement is granted and paid pension (benefit) by both countries, for the employment record earned at their territory and according to the local legislation.
  • In case the person will not have the right for a benefit, since he did not earn the minimum employment record in one or both countries of the Agreement, the right for the pension (benefit) of such person is determined by aggregating the employment record that the person has received in both countries of the Agreement. In case the aggregated record in both countries is still not enough to grand a benefit, the employment record in third-party countries is taken into account, if such a country has signed international agreements with Canada or Lithuania.

5. Moldova

  • The Agreement with Moldova provides for the aggregation of insurance (employment) record. Therefore, if the person does not have a right for a pension, since he did not earn the required minimal employment record in one or both countries, which have signed the agreement, the accumulated employment record, earned in both countries, is evaluated.
  • The Agreement also provides that in case a person has earned an employment record in both countries, each country grants a pension for the record earned in their territory.

6. Other countries

  • The employment record earned in other countries (without regard if they were EU, agreement countries or no) of persons, who reside outside of EU/EEA member states or Switzerland or countries, with which Lithuania has signed international agreements, is not accounted.
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I have worked in several countries, how will my income be accounted in regard to my pension? Which income will be assessed when granting my pension?

If the pension is appointed in Lithuania, the income, earned in foreign countries, is not significant. The pension will be calculated according to the income earned in Lithuania, from which the social pension insurance contributions were or should be paid.

 

http://www.sodra.lt/uploads/documents/images/Turinio_ikonos/notification.png  If the person was working in former USSR republics (with the exception of Latvia or Estonia) prior to 1 January 1991, the income earned in those republics is taken into account.

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Which countries are a part of the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA)?

Belgium, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, France, Germany, Ireland, Denmark, United Kingdom, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Finland, Sweden, Czech Republic, Estonia, Cyprus, Croatia, Latvia, Poland, Lithuania, Malta, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein, Cyprus.

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I live in a country where Lithuanian international agreements or EU social security system coordination regulation provisions are not applied, but I have earned employment record while working in Lithuania, can I receive a Lithuanian pension?

From 11 August 2012, state social insurance pensions for persons living abroad are granted and paid without any regard to the nationality of the pensioner.

The main requirements to receive a right for pension is to have at least a minimum employment record to receive a specific type of pension while working in Lithuanian companies, institutions or organizations. The minimum employment record, needed to receive the old-age pension is 15 years. The pension is granted and paid only for the employment record earned while working in Lithuanian companies, institutions or organizations.

Rehabilitated political prisoners and deportees, who have earned a part of their record during their imprisonment or while being deported, are exempt from the condition requiring earning a minimum record by working in Lithuania. Therefore, these persons have their right for pension determined and the pension granted while taking in account their whole employment record according to the State social insurance pension law.

 

Documents needed to be granted a pension:

  • An application for a pension must specify:
    • a written confirmation that there is no pension (retirement benefit) granted in a foreign state for a record period for which a pension is claimed in Lithuania; or a certificate confirming the said fact;
    • specify the details of a personal account in a credit organization (active in the territory of the Republic of Lithuania or a foreign state) (the pension shall be transferred to an account of a credit organization active outside of Lithuanian territory will be transferred in euros);
    • In case you were granted pension in Lithuania prior to your leave, you should specify the period when the pension has been paid, as well as your residential address prior to your departure.
  • Personal identification document or its certified copy.
  • A certificate from a competent institution of a foreign state (where the person resides) regarding his residential address in that state or a confirmation of a Diplomatic mission or a consular official of a consulate of the Republic of Lithuania or a notary of the foreign state, where the person resides, regarding his place of residence in that foreign country, or that he is alive and is in the specified area.
  • In case the person is living in a foreign state, which was formerly a part of the USSR – a certificate, issued by a corresponding institution of that country, proving that for the employment record, which is used to claim pension in Lithuania, the person did not receive and is not receiving a foreign state pension (pension benefit).
  • Documents needed to apply for a corresponding type of pension:
    • old-age pension;
    • lost capacity for work pension;
    • widow and orphan pension.

 

http://www.sodra.lt/uploads/documents/images/Turinio_ikonos/notification.png Documents should be provided or sent via mail to the “Sodra” Vilnius department, located at: Kalvariju str. 147, LT-08221, Vilnius. The person claiming a pension should provide document originals or copies, certificates regarding the documents kept in archives or copies/excerpts of such documents.

 

Documents issued by foreign states should be translated to Lithuanian language and confirmed by an Apostille stamp.

 

http://www.sodra.lt/uploads/documents/images/Turinio_ikonos/notification.png  You can find information on where the documents of companies, institutions and organizations, which are active in Lithuania, are kept – here, or at the Office of the Chief archivist of Lithuania (Algirdo str. 31, LT- 03219 Vilnius, tel. (+370 5) 265 22 55).

 

“Sodra” Vilnius department may require the policyholders, specific persons and archives to provide documents, which are needed to grant a pension. You need to file a separate request for this service.

Persons, who did not have a right to claim pension regarding nationality and/or place of residence, the pension is granted from the day it has been appointed.

 

http://www.sodra.lt/uploads/documents/images/Turinio_ikonos/notification.png  More information at the “Sodra” information centre by telephone number: (+370 5) 250 08 83 or e-mail: uzsienis@sodra.lt.

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Update date: 2020-06-29
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